Prenatal imaging of the normal and abnormal spinal cord: recommendations from the Fetal Task Force of the European Society of Paediatric Radiology (ESPR) and the European Society of Neuroradiology (ESNR) Pediatric Neuroradiology Committee

Juliette Garel*, Andrea Rossi, Eléonore Blondiaux, Marie Cassart, Chen Hoffmann, Catherine Garel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Spinal dysraphisms are amenable to diagnosis in utero. The prognosis and the neonatal management of these conditions differ significantly depending on their types, mainly on the distinction between open and closed defects. A detailed evaluation not only of the fetal spine, but also of the brain, skull, and lower limbs is essential in allowing for the right diagnosis. In this article, recommendations from the Fetal Task Force of the European Society of Paediatric Radiology (ESPR) and the European Society of Neuroradiology (ESNR) Pediatric Neuroradiology Committee will be presented. The aim of this paper is to review the imaging features of the normal and abnormal fetal spinal cord, to clarify the prenatal classification of congenital spinal cord anomalies and to provide guidance in their reporting. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Closed dysraphism
  • Fetus
  • Open dysraphism
  • Prenatal diagnosis
  • Spinal cord

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