Preimplantation genetic testing for BRCA gene mutation carriers: a cost effectiveness analysis

Nadav Michaan, Moshe Leshno, Yoni Cohen, Tamar Safra, Shira Peleg-Hasson, Ido Laskov, Dan Grisaru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gynecologic oncologists should be aware of the option of conception through IVF/PGT-M for families with high BRCA related morbidity or mortality. Our objective was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of preimplantation genetic testing for selection and transfer of BRCA negative embryo in BRCA mutation carriers compared to natural conception. Methods: Cost-effectiveness of two strategies, conception through IVF/PGT-M and BRCA negative embryo transfer versus natural conception with a 50% chance of BRCA positive newborn for BRCA mutation carriers was compared using a Markovian process decision analysis model. Costs of the two strategies were compared using quality adjusted life years (QALYs’). All costs were discounted at 3%. Incremental cost effectiveness ratio (ICER) compared to willingness to pay threshold was used for cost-effectiveness analysis. Results: IVF/ PGT-M is cost-effective with an ICER of 150,219 new Israeli Shekels, per QALY gained (equivalent to 44,480 USD), at a 3% discount rate. Conclusions: IVF/ PGT-M and BRCA negative embryo transfer compared to natural conception among BRCA positive parents is cost effective and may be offered for selected couples with high BRCA mutation related morbidity or mortality. Our results could impact decisions regarding conception among BRCA positive couples and health care providers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153
JournalReproductive Biology and Endocrinology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • BRCA
  • Breast cancer
  • Cost-effectiveness
  • IFV/PGT-M
  • Ovarian cancer

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