Pregnancy rates are higher with intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection than with conventional intracytoplasmic injection

Benjamin Bartoov*, Arie Berkovitz, Fina Eltes, Avraham Kogosovsky, Arie Yagoda, Hanna Lederman, Shira Artzi, Moshe Gross, Yona Barak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To verify whether microinjection into retrieved oocytes of motile spermatozoa with morphologically normal nuclei, strictly defined by high power light microscopy (X >6000), improves the IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) pregnancy rate in couples with repeated ICSI failures. Design: Comparative prospective study testing routine IVF/ICSI outcome parameters against those of modified ICSI based on morphological selection of spermatozoa with normal nuclei. Setting: Male factor fertility laboratory and IVF center. Patient(s): Sixty-two couples, with at least two previous consequent pregnancy failed ICSI cycles, underwent a single ICSI trial preceded by morphological selection of spermatozoa with normal nuclei. Fifty of these couples were matched with couples who underwent a routine ICSI procedure at the same IVF center and exhibited the same number of previous ICSI failures. Intervention(s): Standard ICSI and modified ICSI. Main Outcome Measure(s): ICSI pregnancy rate. Result(s): The matching study revealed that pregnancy rate after modified ICSI was significantly higher than that of the routine ICSI procedure (66.0% vs. 30.0%). Conclusion(s): Microinjection into retrieved oocytes of selected spermatozoa with strictly defined morphologically normal nuclei improves significantly the incidence of pregnancy in couples with previous ICSI failures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1413-1419
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume80
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • IVF/ICSI
  • Male fertility
  • Pregnancy rate
  • Sperm morphological selection
  • Sperm nucleus

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