Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A production in rat granulosa cells: Stimulation by follicle-stimulating hormone and inhibition by the oocyte-derived bone morphogenetic protein-15

Motozumi Matsui, Barbara Sonntag, Hwang Soo Seong, Tara Byerly, Ariel Hourvitz, Eli Y. Adashi, Shunichi Shimasaki, Gregory F. Erickson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) is the major IGF binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4) protease in follicular fluid, consistent with its proposed role in folliculogenesis. Despite growing interest, almost nothing is known about how PAPP-A expression is regulated in any tissue. Here we show that FSH and oocytes regulate PAPP-A expression in granuloss cells (GCs). By in situ hybridization, ovary PAPP-AmRNA was markedly increased by pregnant mare seram gonadotropin treatment, and the message was localized to the membrans GCs but not cumulus GCs (CGCs) of dominant follicles. To explore the mechanism, we used primary cultures of rat GCs. Control (untreated) cells produced little or no PAPP-A spontaneously. Conversely, FSH markedly stimulated PAPP-A mRNA and protein in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Interestingly, PAPP-A expression in isolated CGCs was also strongly induced by FSH, and the induction was inhibited by added oocytes. To investigate the nature of the inhibition, we tested the effect of oocyte-derived bone morphogenetic protein-15 (BMP-15). BMP-15 alone had no effect on basal levels of PAPP-A expression by cultures of membrana GCs or CGCs. However, BMP-15 markedly inhibited the FSH stimulation of PAPP-A production in a dose-dependent manner. The cleavage of IGFBP-4 by conditioned media from FSH-treated GCs was completely inhibited by anti-PAPP-A antibody, indicating the IGFBP-4 protease secreted by GCs is PAPP-A. These results demonstrate stimulatory and inhibitory roles for FSH and BMP-15, respectively, in regulating PAPP-A production by GCs. We propose that FSH and oocyte-derived BMP-15 form a controlling network that ensures the spatiotemporal pattern of GC PAPP-A expression in the dominant follicle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3686-3695
Number of pages10
JournalEndocrinology
Volume145
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentU54HD012303

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