Preferential Th1 immune response in invariant chain-deficient mice

Ian Topilski, Alon Harmelin, Richard A. Flavell, Yoram Levo, Idit Shachar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


MHC class II molecules associate with the invariant chain (Ii) molecule during biosynthesis. Ii facilitates the folding of class II molecules, interferes with their peptide association, and is involved in MHC class II transport. In this study, we have investigated the in vitro and in vivo immune response of Ii-deficient mice (Ii-/-). Our results have demonstrated that CD4+ T cells from Ii-/- mice proliferate normally in vitro after in vivo immunization with protein Ags. However, cytokine secretion profiles of Ag-primed CD4+ T cells from Ii-/- mice differ from CD4+ T cells from wild-type mice. Whereas cells from wild-type mice secrete IFN-γ and IL-4, cells from Ii-/- mice secrete mostly IFN-γ. Moreover, Ii-/- mice exhibit a normal Th1 response in the delayed-type hypersensitivity and trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid colitis models; however, these mice lack an in vivo Th2 response, as demonstrated in the asthma model. Therefore, we suggest that defective Ag presentation in Ii-/- mice leads selectively to a Th1 effector response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1610-1617
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2002
Externally publishedYes


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