Prednisone and aspirin improve pregnancy rate in patients with reproductive failure and autoimmune antibodies: A prospective study

Eli Geva, Ami Amit, Liat Lerner-Geva, Yuval Yaron, Yair Daniel, Tamar Schwartz, Foad Azem, Israel Yovel, Joseph B. Lessing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PROBLEM: The study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of prednisone and aspirin in autoantibody seropositive patients with repeated in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) failure. METHODS OF STUDY: The study group comprised 52 consecutive patients seropositive for non-organ-specific autoantibodies, i.e., anti-cardiolipin antibodies (ACA), anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-double-stranded (ds) DNA, rheumatoid factor (RF), and lupus anti-coagulant (LAC). These patients were treated with prednisone, 10 mg per day, and aspirin, 100 mg per day, starting 4 weeks before induction of ovulation in 52 IVF cycles. RESULTS: The clinical pregnancy rate per cycle was 32.7% (17/52). No increased incidence of pregnancy complications, including premature labor, gestational diabetes mellitus, and pregnancy-induced hypertension, were found. CONCLUSIONS: Combined treatment of prednisone for immunosupression and aspirin as an anti-thrombotic agent, starting before ovulation induction, may improve pregnancy rate in autoantibody seropositive patients who have had repeated IVF-ET failures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-40
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Anti-cardiolipin
  • Autoantibodies
  • Autoimmunity
  • IVF failure
  • Pregnancy rate

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