Predictors of hospital-based registered nurses' engagement in on-the-job policy activities

Alexandra Bar Yosef, Idit Weiss, Ilya Kagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nurses have been urged to participate in public policy-formulation processes as an integral part of their professional role through collective and personal policy activities. However, there is only limited empirical data on this participation. This cross-sectional study examined the level and the predictors of the personal policy activities of 200 Israeli hospital-based registered nurses undertaken in their work setting and aimed at furthering hospital, local or national policies. The nurses completed questionnaires that examined policy activities, policy skills, political interest, political efficacy, political and professional network involvement, and organizational support for policy activities. The overall engagement of nurses in on-the-job policy activities was limited and focused primarily on their immediate surroundings, their departments and their hospitals, and much less on local or national policies. The most common policy activities were internal and indirect and included receiving feedback from patients to improve nursing care policy and calling colleagues' attention to policy issues. Positive significant correlations emerged between motivational and organizational factors and personal policy activities, and these contributed 55% to the explained variance. The findings enhance the relevance of integrating motivational and organizational factors in understanding the policy activity of nurses. As such, increasing personal involvement of hospital nurses in policy formulation processes requires professional training that seeks to improve nurses' policy skills, to enhance their political interest and efficacy, and to encourage their involvement in political and professional networks. In addition, hospitals need to cultivate an organizational culture that supports personal policy activities by nurses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-498
Number of pages10
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • general hospitals
  • health policy
  • nurse practice
  • policy practice
  • registered nurses

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