Predictors of aggression among Palestinians in Israel and Gaza: Happiness, need to belong, and self-control

Tammie Ronen*, Izzeldin Abuelaish, Michael Rosenbaum, Qutaiba Agbaria, Liat Hamama

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study examined a strong need for belonging (sensitivity to social rejection) as a risk factor and happiness and self-control skills as protective factors in predicting peer-directed aggression among 292 Israeli Palestinian Arab adolescents and 398 Gazan Palestinian Arab adolescents of similar ages (mean ~. 14. years). Findings demonstrated that the two Palestinian groups showed similar aggression rates, but Israeli Palestinians revealed higher self-control, higher happiness, and higher need for belonging than their Gazan peers. Moreover, each of the three predictors, separately, was significantly linked to aggression for the Israelis but not for the Gazans. Possible explanations are discussed related to sex, cultural differences, and life conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Aggression
  • Happiness
  • Need for belonging
  • Self-control

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