Predictors for poor outcome of hospitalized children with inflammatory bowel disease

Anat Yerushalmy-Feler, Dana Singer, Gil Berkovitch, Ronit Lubetzky, Iris Dotan, Tomer Ziv-Baran, Shlomi Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) exacerbations may lead to prolonged and complicated hospitalizations. The characteristics of exacerbation-related hospitalizations and predictors for poor outcome of pediatric patients hospitalized due to IBD have not been thoroughly described. All children who were hospitalized due to IBD exacerbation in a tertiary referral center between 2004 and 2017 were enrolled. Data on demographic and disease characteristics before and during hospitalization were retrospectively reviewed, as was the course of hospitalization, including laboratory findings, diagnostic work-up, and management. Poor outcomes were defined as prolonged hospitalization (≥ 7 days) and/or the need for surgery during hospitalization. There were 181 hospitalizations of 78 IBD children with a median (IQR) age of 14.8 (11.8–16.2) years. They included 53 (67.9%) with Crohn’s disease and 25 (32.1%) with ulcerative colitis. In a multivariate analysis, severe disease activity at hospitalization (odds ratio [OR] = 3.33, P = 0.013), lower weight percentile (OR = 0.98, P = 0.009), treatment with antibiotics (OR = 5.03, P = 0.001), blood transfusion (OR = 8.03, P = 0.003), undergoing endoscopy (OR = 2.73, P = 0.027), and imaging studies during hospitalization (OR = 3.61, P = 0.001) predicted prolonged hospitalization. Surgical intervention was performed in 16 patients (8.8%), due to penetrating (OR = 7.73, P = 0.019) and stricturing disease (OR = 12.38, P < 0.001). Conclusion: We identified predictors for poor outcomes of children hospitalized due to IBD. Among the variables that can be measured at the beginning of the admission, severe disease activity was the most significant predictor recognition of these predictors that may contribute to modification of patient management.What is Known:• Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients may require hospitalization due to disease exacerbation or treatment-related complications.• Hospitalizations of IBD patients constitute a heavy emotional burden on patients and families.What is New:• Lower weight percentile, severe disease activity, and a lower albumin level were predictors for prolonged hospitalization in children with IBD.• Recognition of these predictors may contribute to modification of patient management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-164
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume179
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Children
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Hospitalization
  • Outcome predictors
  • Ulcerative colitis

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