Predictors and Adverse Outcomes of Acute Kidney Injury in Hospitalized Renal Transplant Recipients

Tammy Hod*, Bernice Oberman, Noa Scott, Liran Levy, Gadi Shlomai, Pazit Beckerman, Keren Cohen-Hagai, Eytan Mor, Ehud Grossman, Eyal Zimlichman, Moshe Shashar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Data about in-hospital AKI in RTRs is lacking. We conducted a retrospective study of 292 RTRs, with 807 hospital admissions, to reveal predictors and outcomes of AKI during admission. In-hospital AKI developed in 149 patients (51%). AKI in a previous admission was associated with a more than twofold increased risk of AKI in subsequent admissions (OR 2.13, p < 0.001). Other major significant predictors for in-hospital AKI included an infection as the major admission diagnosis (OR 2.93, p = 0.015), a medical history of hypertension (OR 1.91, p = 0.027), minimum systolic blood pressure (OR 0.98, p = 0.002), maximum tacrolimus trough level (OR 1.08, p = 0.005), hemoglobin level (OR 0.9, p = 0.016) and albumin level (OR 0.51, p = 0.025) during admission. Compared to admissions with no AKI, admissions with AKI were associated with longer length of stay (median time of 3.83 vs. 7.01 days, p < 0.001). In-hospital AKI was associated with higher rates of mortality during admission, almost doubled odds for rehospitalization within 90 days from discharge and increased the risk of overall mortality in multivariable mixed effect models. In-hospital AKI is common and is associated with poor short- and long-term outcomes. Strategies to prevent AKI during admission in RTRs should be implemented to reduce re-admission rates and improve patient survival.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11141
JournalTransplant International
StatePublished - 2023


  • acute kidney injury
  • calcineurin inhibitors
  • mortality abbreviations
  • readmission
  • renal transplant recipients


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