Prediction of acute hypertensive episodes in critically ill patients

Nevo Itzhak*, Itai M. Pessach, Robert Moskovitch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prevention and treatment of complications are the backbone of medical care, particularly in critical care settings. Early detection and prompt intervention can potentially prevent complications from occurring and improve outcomes. In this study, we use four longitudinal vital signs variables of intensive care unit patients, focusing on predicting acute hypertensive episodes (AHEs). These episodes represent elevations in blood pressure and may result in clinical damage or indicate a change in a patient's clinical situation, such as an elevation in intracranial pressure or kidney failure. Prediction of AHEs may allow clinicians to anticipate changes in the patient's condition and respond early on to prevent these from occurring. Temporal abstraction was employed to transform the multivariate temporal data into a uniform representation of symbolic time intervals, from which frequent time-intervals-related patterns (TIRPs) are mined and used as features for AHE prediction. A novel TIRP metric for classification, called coverage, is introduced that measures the coverage of a TIRP's instances in a time window. For comparison, several baseline models were applied on the raw time series data, including logistic regression and sequential deep learning models, are used. Our results show that using frequent TIRPs as features outperforms the baseline models, and the use of the coverage, metric outperforms other TIRP metrics. Two approaches to predicting AHEs in real-life application conditions are evaluated: using a sliding window to continuously predict whether a patient would experience an AHE within a specific prediction time period ahead, our models produced an AUC-ROC of 82%, but with low AUPRC. Alternatively, predicting whether an AHE would generally occur during the entire admission resulted in an AUC-ROC of 74%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102525
JournalArtificial Intelligence in Medicine
Volume139
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Intensive care units
  • Outcome prediction
  • Temporal patterns
  • Time intervals

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