Predation of amphibians by carabid beetles of the genus Epomis found in the central coastal plain of Israel

Gil Wizen, Avital Gasith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The genus Epomis is represented in Israel by two species: E. dejeani and E. circumscriptus. In the central coastal plain these species are sympatric but do not occur in the same sites. The objective of this study was to record and describe trophic interactions between the adult beetles and amphibian species occurring in the central coastal plain of Israel. Day and night surveys at three sites, as well as controlled laboratory experiments were conducted for studying beetle-amphibian trophic interaction. In the field we recorded three cases of E. dejeani preying upon amphibian metamorphs and also found that Epomis adults share shelters with amphibians. Laboratory experiments supported the observations that both Epomis species can prey on amphibians. Predation of the three anuran species (Bufo viridis, Hyla savignyi and Rana bedriagae) and two urodele species (Triturus vittatus and Salamandra salamandra infraimmaculata) is described. Only E. dejeani consumed T. vittatus. Therefore, we conclude that the two species display a partial overlap in food habit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-191
Number of pages11
JournalZooKeys
Volume100
Issue numberSPEC. ISSUE
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Amphibians
  • Carabidae
  • Congeneric difference in food habit
  • Epomis
  • Feeding behavior
  • Predation

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