Preceeding the rejection: In search for a comprehensive post-transplant immune monitoring platform

Moshe Israeli*, Alex Yussim, Eitan Mor, Benjamin Sredni, Tirza Klein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


The survival of a transplanted organ is dependent on maintenance of continuous immunosuppression. However, even the strictest adherence to the recommended drug levels does not prevent the occurrence of numerous complications associated with immunosuppression. The efficacy of immunosuppression therapy protocols would be enhanced greatly by the availability of biotechnologies capable of identifying and predicting immunological events prior to the manifestation of clinical parameters indicating graft failure. The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential contribution of some modern tools for post-transplantation monitoring, and to propose a method for combining them into a comprehensive mechanism for this purpose. The technologies utilized in this study are among a group of 'cutting edge' diagnostic methods at the initial steps of evaluation for their potential contribution for post-transplantation immune monitoring. This study was a pioneering opportunity to combine and utilize these tools jointly. The method of research was based on monitoring 13 adult kidney transplant recipients. The Immuknow assay determined cellular immunity status by quantitative measurement of intracellular ATP level in CD4+ lymphocytes after PHA stimulation. Sera were analyzed for concentration of soluble CD30 reflecting primary allo-stimulation and for donor specific anti-HLA antibodies responsible for accelerated and refractory rejection. The results were correlated with clinical and pathological parameters and appraisal of predictive value was attempted. In Immuknow assay analysis ATP incremental changes indicative of rejection or infection were found in 75% and in 50% incidences, respectively. In stable patients, the ATP deviation from the preoperative baseline, indicative of stable engraftment, was much less pronounced than in other habitual clinical tests. CD30 concentrations were measured greatly above normal values prior to biopsy-proven rejection episodes, both before and after the transplant operation. Anti-HLA antibodies were elevated at a later stage, concurrently with clinical manifestation of graft failure and rejection. Anti-HLA antibody level remained negligible in patients going through a stable post-transplant clinical course. Overall, the utilization of the platform of combined biotechnologies could serve as a valuable tool for immune monitoring in organ transplantation, allowing for therapeutic intervention that can favorably affect the clinical outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-12
Number of pages6
JournalTransplant Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
Dorsha Wallman Cancer Research Endowment
Frieda Stollman Cancer Memorial Fund
Safdié Institute for AIDS and Immunology Research


    • Immune monitoring
    • Monitoring
    • Organ transplantation
    • Post-transplant


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