Practice recommendations for neurovascular ultrasound investigations of acute stroke patients in the setting of the COVID-19 pandemic: an expert consensus from the European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics

C. Baracchini*, A. Pieroni, M. Kneihsl, E. Azevedo, M. Diomedi, L. Pascazio, J. Wojczal, C. Lucas, E. Bartels, N. M. Bornstein, L. Csiba, J. Valdueza, G. Tsivgoulis, B. Malojcic

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and purpose: Patients with acute ischemic stroke are at high-risk for contracting COVID-19 infection. Additionally, healthcare professionals including neurovascular ultrasound providers are also at risk of being infected by SARS-CoV-2 virus. Yet, preparedness to continue to guarantee hyperacute treatment is vital for patients outcome. In light of this situation, the European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamic (ESNCH) appointed a task force to provide consensus recommendations for the performance of neurovascular ultrasound investigations in acute ischemic stroke during the COVID-19 pandemic with the aim of protecting both patients and ultrasound providers. Methods: The “ultrasound in acute stroke working group” of the ESNCH examined literature articles and reviews using the following key words: “corona virus” or “COVID-19” or “SARS-CoV-2 virus”, and “acute stroke” or “cerebrovascular disease”, and “ultrasound”. Thereafter, a thorough discussion was conducted with the “education and guidelines working group” of the ESNCH. Results: We propose rapid up-to-date recommendations for healthcare personnel involved in the pre-hospital and intra-hospital assessment of stroke patients, with a particular attention to neurovascular ultrasound performance. Conclusion: The ESNCH provides a guidance summary for the performance of neurovascular ultrasound investigations in acute ischemic stroke in the time of COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1776-1780
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Neurology
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • stroke
  • ultrasound

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