Practical design of delta-sigma multiple description audio coding

Jack Leegaard, Jan Østergaard*, Søren Holdt Jensen, Ram Zamir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Abstract: It was recently shown that delta-sigma quantization (DSQ) can be used for optimal multiple description (MD) coding of Gaussian sources. The DSQ scheme combined oversampling, prediction, and noise-shaping in order to trade off side distortion for central distortion in MD coding. It was shown that asymptotically in the dimensions of the resampling, prediction, and noise-shaping filters as well as asymptotically in the quantizer dimensions, all rate-distortion points on the symmetric quadratic Gaussian MD rate-distortion function could be achieved. In this work, we show that this somewhat theoretical framework is suitable for practical low-delay MD audio coding. In particular, we design a practical MD audio coder with two descriptions and provide simulations on real audio data. The simulations demonstrate that even when using low-dimensional noise-shaping, prediction, and resampling filters, it is possible to obtain good quality audio in the presence of packet losses. Simulations on real audio reveal that, contrary to existing designs, it is straightforward to obtain a large number of trade-off points between side distortion and central distortion, which makes the proposed coder suitable for a wide range of applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
JournalEurasip Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing
Issue number1
StatePublished - 22 Apr 2014


  • Audio coding
  • Multiple descriptions
  • Noise shaping
  • Predictive coding


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