Practical Chemical Actinometry—A Review

Joseph Rabani, Hadas Mamane, Dana Pousty, James R. Bolton*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Actinometers are physical or chemical systems that can be employed to determine photon fluxes. Chemical actinometers are photochemical systems with known quantum yields that can be employed to determine accurate photon fluxes for specific photochemical reactions. This review explores in detail several practical chemical actinometers (ferrioxalate, iodide–iodate, uranyl oxalate, nitrate, uridine, hydrogen peroxide and several actinometers for the vacuum ultraviolet). Each actinometer is described with recommended conditions for its use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-902
Number of pages30
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021


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