Potential orofacial hazards of resistance training: A controlled comparative study *

Pessia Friedman Rubin, Ilana Eli, Tzvi Greenbaum, Keren Shapira, Alona Emodi-Perelman, Ephraim Winocur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the effect of resistance training (RT) regarding potential hazard for dental wear, tooth abfractions, temporomandibular joint disc displacement, limitation in mouth opening, and existence of cervical spine disorders. The initial study hypothesis was that extensive resistance trainees (ExRT) would suffer from the above-mentioned symptoms more often than recreational trainees (RcT). Methods: A controlled comparative study among male gym members via questionnaires and a clinical examination. Results: ExRT had a higher prevalence of teeth indentations on the tongue (26% vs. 2% p < 0.001) and a higher prevalence of tooth abfractions than RcT (28% vs. 4% p < 0.005). ExRT exhibited a higher prevalence of cervical movement limitations (p < 0.05) and inadequate posture (p < 0.001). Conclusion: RT by itself may not be a risk factor for disc displacement. Nevertheless, it may act as a potential risk factor for irreversible hard tooth tissue damage and contribute to neck postural and mobility impairments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalCranio - Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2019


  • Tooth abfractions
  • bruxism
  • cervical posture
  • resistance training
  • temporomandibular disorders


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