Posttraumatic, dissociative and grief symptoms in Turkish children exposed to the 1999 earthquakes

Nathaniel Laor*, Leo Wolmer, Meltem Kora, Deniz Yucel, Smadar Spirman, Yanki Yazgan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Grief and dissociation after traumatic exposures are among the most important predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article introduces the Traumatic Dissociation and Grief Scale (TDGS), a 23-item measure easily administered. The TDGS, the Child PTSD-Reaction Index (CPTSD-RI), and a questionnaire concerning risk factors related to the event (losses, injury, and witnessing death and injuries) were administered to school-aged children who had been directly exposed to the 1999 earthquakes in Turkey and to a nonexposed control group. Factor analysis of the TDGS yielded four factors: perceptual distortions, body-self distortions, irritability, and guilt and anhedonia. A moderate positive correlation was noted between the TDGS and the CPTSD-RI. Different sets of risk factors were associated with the different scale factors. The results suggest that the assessment of psychopathology in children following a disaster requires the complementary evaluation of symptoms of posttrauma, dissociation, and grief.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)824-832
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume190
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2002

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