Postoperative analgesia with tramadol and indomethacin for diagnostic curettage and early termination of pregnancy

V. Khazin, S. Weitzman, E. Rozenzvit-Podles, T. Ezri, A. Debby, A. Golan, S. Evron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The postoperative analgesic effects of rectal indomethacin and tramadol were compared in patients undergoing elective termination of first trimester pregnancy and diagnostic dilatation and curettage. Methods: Eighty-one American Society of Anesthesiologists class I and II women undergoing first trimester termination of pregnancy or diagnostic dilation and curettage were randomly allocated to receive rectal suppositories of either tramadol 100 mg (n = 41) or indomethacin 100 mg (n = 40) 90 min before induction of anesthesia. Pain scores and side effects were evaluated until discharge. Intraoperative anesthetic and postoperative analgesic consumption was also recorded. Intravenous metamizole 1 g was employed for postoperative rescue analgesia. Results: When compared to the indomethacin group, the tramadol group required less intraoperative propofol [136 mg ±28 vs. 160 mg ±35 (P = 0.001)], less rescue analgesia [2.4% vs. 22% (P = 0.005)] and lower visual analogue pain scores [2.4 ±8 vs. 23 ±22 (P = 0.005)]. The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting was similar in both groups. Conclusion: When compared to indomethacin 100 mg, preoperative administration of tramadol 100 mg provides superior postoperative analgesia with minimal adverse effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-239
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Analgesia
  • Indomethacin
  • Termination of pregnancy
  • Tramadol

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