Possible association between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and attempted suicide in adolescents - A pilot study

I. Manor, I. Gutnik, D. H. Ben-Dor, A. Apter, J. Sever, S. Tyano, A. Weizman, G. Zalsman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Both adolescent suicide and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are troubling phenomena with high comorbidity, including impulsivity, depression and personality disorders (PD). Studies on the association between these two phenomena are relatively rare. This pilot study's aim was to estimate the rate of ADHD in adolescents attempting suicide. Method: Subjects constituted consecutive admissions to the psychiatric emergency room (ER) who were admitted as a result of attempting suicide. Assessment included the use of the Kiddie-SADS, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Conners' Rating Scale (CRS). Those diagnosed as suffering from ADHD were assessed by a standardized Continuous Performance Test (Test of Variables of Attention [TOVA]) that included methylphenidate (MPH) challenge. Twenty-three (23) adolescents completed the study. M:F ratio was 5:18, respectively. Results: Of the 23 participants who completed the study, 65% were diagnosed with ADHD, 43.5% with depression and 39% with cluster. B PD. ADD/ADHD ratio was 66%:34%. Only five of the patients were formerly diagnosed as ADHD, only three had been medicated and 14 out of 15 adolescents responded well to MPH challenge. Conclusion: These preliminary results suggest a significant association between ADHD and suicidal behavior in adolescents. Further study is needed to establish this association and assess the causality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-150
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Adolescent
  • Suicide

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