Positive and negative social contacts with immigrants from different groups: Investigating the role of group appraisal and opportunity for contact using network analysis

Eugene Tartakovsky*, Sophie D. Walsh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

What can enhance positive inter-group contacts in a world of mass immigration is a subject high on the theoretical and practical agenda. However, there is a lack of research examining how contacts with different immigrant groups are related to characteristics of the group, as perceived by the receiving society. Using Threat-Benefit Theory (Tartakovsky & Walsh, 2016a, 2016b, 2019, 2020), the present study examines how different domains of positive and negative appraisal of a specific immigrant group may relate to contacts with group members. Using a representative sample of 1600 adults in the majority of the Jewish population in Israel, we applied network analysis to examine relationships between threat-benefit appraisal, opportunities for contact and levels of positive and negative contacts with four immigrant groups: diaspora immigrants from Ethiopia, Western countries and the former Soviet Union and asylum seekers. Levels of contact were related to particular domains of appraisal, which differed across immigrant groups. However, opportunities for contact had a stronger association with contact than the appraisal. Results point to a theoretical need to develop nuanced models related to inter-group contact, which consider particular characteristics of the immigrant group as perceived by the local population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-523
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Funding

FundersFunder number
Centre for Sociocultural Research
Israel Science Foundation244/15

    Keywords

    • Appraisal of different immigrant groups
    • Network analysis
    • Opportunity for Contact with immigrants
    • Positive and Negative Social Contacts with Immigrants
    • Threat-Benefit Theory

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