Popular apocalyptics in pahlavi literature context: The Jāmāsp-Nāmag revisited

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Abstract

Pahlavi literature consists a rich literary and textual apocalyptic tradition such as, for example, the Jāmāsp-Nāmag, the Zand ī Wahman Yasn, chapter thirty-three of the Iranian Bundahišn and few chapters of the Dēnkard VII. Over the last century, the Iranian apocalyptics was studied both in comparison to Iranian eschatology and in relation to the mutual influences with Judeo-Christian apocalyptics. However, if we consider the Iranian apocalyptics as a phenomenon independent of eschatology, we can notice that it presents several original narrative topics. It also seems that the style of narration and the language were conceived for different social and cultural milieus. May three different points of discussion: 1) the generic features of the texts mentioned above, 2) the historical and mythical topics, and 3) the position of the different apocalyptic mediums, lead us to claim that there was in Iran, after the Arab conquest, both an apocalyptic narrative tradition conceived for the courtly and religious milieus and one conceived for the popular milieu?

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-56
Number of pages14
JournalStudia Iranica
Volume42
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apocalyptics
  • Eschatology
  • Middle Persian
  • Pahlavi literature
  • Zoroastrianism

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