Poor ovarian response as a predictor for live birth in older women undergoing IVF

Yoni Cohen*, Samer Tannus, Nabigah Alzawawi, Weon Young Son, Michael Dahan, William Buckett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Women of advanced age present a major challenge for fertility treatments. This study was designed to assess whether poor ovarian response (POR) according to the Bologna criteria is a significant predictor for live birth in women over 40. The outcomes of subsequent IVF cycles were also studied. The results of 1870 fresh IVF cycles in 1212 women were retrospectively analysed. The live birth per cycle was 3.3 times higher (11.61% versus 3.54%, P < 0.001) in good responders with more than three oocytes collected compared with women with less. Ovarian response defined by oocytes collected, but not by the number of follicles, was independently associated with live birth (odds ratio, 2.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.18 to 3.54; P = 0.009). The occurrence of POR in subsequent IVF cycles was only 55%. No differences in live births were found in persistent POR compared with women with at least one good response. A single episode of POR in a first IVF cycle in older women has a limited predictive value for the outcomes of subsequent cycles. POR in women aged 40–43 years, defined by the number of oocytes retrieved, is a predictor for live birth in IVF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-441
Number of pages7
JournalReproductive BioMedicine Online
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Advanced maternal age
  • Bologna criteria
  • Live birth rate
  • Poor response


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