Polyploidization of murine mesenchymal cells is associated with suppression of the long noncoding RNA H19 and reduced tumorigenicity

Ofer Shoshani, Hassan Massalha, Nir Shani, Sivan Kagan, Orly Ravid, Shalom Madar, Luba Trakhtenbrot, Dena Leshkowitz, Gideon Rechavi, Dov Zipori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are used extensively in clinical trials; however, the possibility that MSCs have a potential for malignant transformation was raised. We examined the genomic stability versus the tumor-forming capacity of multiple mouse MSCs. Murine MSCs have been shown to be less stable and more prone to malignant transformation than their human counterparts. A large series of independently isolated MSC populations exhibited low tumorigenic potential under syngeneic conditions, which increased in immunocompromised animals. Unexpectedly, higher ploidy correlated with reduced tumor-forming capacity. Furthermore, in both cultured MSCs and primary hepatocytes, polyploidization was associated with a dramatic decrease in the expression of the long noncoding RNA H19. Direct knockdown of H19 expression in diploid cells resulted in acquisition of polyploid cell traits. Moreover, artificial tetraploidization of diploid cancer cells led to a reduction of H19 levels, as well as to an attenuation of the tumorigenic potential. Polyploidy might therefore serve as a protective mechanism aimed at reducing malignant transformation through the involvement of the H19 regulatory long noncoding RNA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6403-6413
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Research
Volume72
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

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