Polypeptides of chloroplastic and cytoplastic origin required for development of Photosystem II activity, and chlorophyll-protein complexes, in Euglena gracilis Z chloroplast membranes

Michael Gurevitz, Hanan Kratz, Itzhak Ohad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The development of photosynthetic activity and synthesis of chloroplast membrane polypeptides was studied during greening of Euglena gracilis Z in alternate light-dark-light cycles. The results show: (a) The development of both Photosystem II and Photosystem I can be dissociated from chlorophyll synthesis. (b) Most of the polypeptides required for development of Photosystem I are already synthesized during the initial light period (10-12 h); the further rise in Photosystem I activity in the dark is not inhibited by cycloheximide nor by chloramphenicol. (c) The development of Photosystem II requires continuous de novo synthesis of polypeptides and is inhibited by chloramphenicol. The water-splitting activity already present at the end of the first light period decays in the presence of chloramphenicol while that of 1,5-diphenylcarbazide oxidation is only partially retained. The activity can be repaired in the absence of chlorophyll synthesis and is correlated with the de novo synthesis of polypeptides of 50 000-60 000 daltons. The synthesis of these polypeptides and associated repair of Photosystem II activity is not inhibited by cycloheximide. (d) The chloroplast membranes can be resolved into about 40 distinct polypeptides, among them several in the molecular weight range 50 000-60 000, 20 000-35 000 and 10 000-15 000, which are major membrane constitutents. (e) The synthesis of two major polypeptides (Mr = 20 000-30 000) required for the formation of chlorophyll-protein complex(es) containing chlorophyll a and traces of chlorophyll b (CPII?) is light-dependent and cycloheximide-inhibited. It is concluded that the synthesis and addition to the growing membrane of chlorophyll and polypeptides required for the formation of Photosystem II and Photosystem I complexes can be dissociated in time. The H2O-splitting enzyme(s) and possibly other components of Photosystem II complex are of chloroplastic origin and turn over in the dark while at least some of the chlorophyll binding polypeptides are of cytoplastic origin and their synthesis is light-controlled.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-488
Number of pages14
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume461
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Sep 1977
Externally publishedYes

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