Polymorphisms in the TNF-α promoter and variability in the granulomatous response in patients with Crohn's disease

Ilan Dalal, Amir Karban, Eytan Wine, Rami Eliakim, Haim Shirin, Marcelo Fridlender, Ron Shaoul, Esther Leshinsky-Silver, Arie Levine*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Granulomas may be found in 30-70% of patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The etiology of granuloma formation in CD is presently unknown. Elevated levels of TNF-α are found within granuloma tissue, and are required to maintain granuloma formation in animal models. TNF-α production has been shown to influenced by TNF-α promoter polymorphisms. We hypothesized that heterogeneity for granulomas in CD might be influenced by the TNF-α promoter genotype. Patients with confirmed CD that had undergone full colonoscopy with multiple biopsies and/or surgical resection, served as the study group. One hundred healthy individuals served as a control population for genotyping. Patients and controls underwent genotyping for four TNF-α polymorphisms: 238G/A, 308 G/A,857 C/T, and 863 C/A. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were met in 155 patients (1-68 y). Polymorphisms in the TNF promoter were found in 16.6% (238G/A), 14.5% (308 G/A), 36.6% (857 C/T) and 30.7% (863G/A). No significant association was found for any of the individual polymorphisms with presence or absence of granulomas. In conclusion, we did not find an association between individual polymorphisms in the TNF-α promoter and presence of granulomas in CD. The reason for heterogeneity in granuloma formation in patients with CD remains elusive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)825-828
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes


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