Polymorphisms in Stress-Related Genes Are Associated with Reduced Cocaine Abuse and Longer Retention in Methadone Maintenance Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder

Einat Peles*, Orna Levran, Matthew Randesi, Jurg Ott, Mary Jeanne Kreek, Miriam Adelson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: As CRH-binding protein (CRHBP) SNP rs1500 was associated with reduced cocaine abuse after 1 year in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) for heroin addiction, we evaluated the association of additional 28 selected SNPs, in 17 stress-related genes, with MMT outcome. Methods: The distribution of genotypes of each SNP by cocaine abuse after 1 year in MMT was assessed under the dominant and recessive models using χ2/. Cumulative retention (up to 26.5 years) was studied using Kaplan-Meier analyses. Logistic regression and Cox model were used for multivariate analyses. Results: Of a nonselective sample of 404 patients, 25 patients with <50% Europeans/Middle Eastern ancestry were excluded. Of the remaining 379 patients, 330 (87.1%) stayed at least 1 year in treatment. Four SNPs were associated with cocaine abuse after 1 year in MMT. A lower proportion of cocaine abusers was found in the groups of subjects with the following genotypes: arginine vasopressin (AVP) SNP rs2282018 CC, CRHBP rs7728378 TT, galanin rs3136541 TT/TC, and neuropeptide Y receptor Y1 (NPY1R) rs4518200 AA. The following independent variables were associated with lack of cocaine in urine after 1 year (multivariate analyses): CRHBP rs7728378 TT, NPY1R rs4518200 AA, no cocaine in urine on admission, as well as opiate and benzodiazepine use after 1 year in MMT. Cumulative retention (n = 379) was longer in carriers of AVP rs2282018 CC (13.7 years, 95% CI 11.1-16.2) versus TT/TC genotypes (10.5, 95% CI 9.4-11.5) (p = 0.0230) Conclusions: The study suggests that a reduction in cocaine abuse and longer retention among MMT patients is mediated in part by variants in stress-related genes and is a step toward precision medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-205
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Addiction Research
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Funding

FundersFunder number
Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. Adelson Medical Research Foundation

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