Polymer Electrolytes

Sabina Abbrent, Steve Greenbaum, Emanuel Peled, Diana Golodnitsky

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter discusses polymer electrolytes, their characterization, and their application in solid-state batteries. The concept of a material that acts as both the physical separator and the electrolyte while maintaining good contact with the electrodes through many charge/discharge cycles has motivated research on polymer electrolytes for over three decades. Beginning with poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) as a host matrix for lithium salts, which is still the focus of many investigations, this review covers a variety of solvent (liquid)-free systems as well as plasticized or gel electrolytes. Several strategies for improving mechanical and electrical properties such as forming blends, organic/inorganic composites, or copolymerization are also described. Some of the most commonly used characterization tools are briefly discussed, including thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, electrical impedance, and vibrational and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies. Finally, a brief survey of power source applications of polymer electrolytes ranging from microbatteries to large format electric vehicle batteries is given.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Solid State Batteries
EditorsNancy J Dudney, William C West, Jagjit Nanda
PublisherWorld Scientific
Number of pages67
VolumeVolume 6
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-4651-91-2
ISBN (Print)978-981-4651-89-9
StatePublished - 2015

Publication series

NameMaterials and Energy
VolumeVolume 6


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