Policy Stalemate and Policy Change in Israel's Water Sector 1970-2010: Advocacy Coalitions and Policy Narratives

Gila Menahem, Shula Gilad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper seeks to explain policy stalemates that persist despite recognition of their risks and damages, as well as the factors and processes that enable a breakthrough and lead to policy change. The paper seeks to fill a gap in the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) theory by supplementing it with Narrative Analysis (NA). We claim that NA provides a link missing in the ACF that is required for the transformation of "necessary" conditions-like external and internal shocks to the system-into "sufficient" conditions for policy persistence or change. We use the ACF to delineate coalition members and their belief systems and policy positions, as well as external, internal, and structural shocks to the system. We rely on NA to analyze the narratives employed in the public arena, which turn conditions necessary both for hurting stalemates and for policy change into sufficient conditions. We illustrate the benefits of combining the two approaches through a study of Israel's water policy during four decades (1970s-2000s) based on government records and on information from interviews with key players.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-337
Number of pages22
JournalReview of Policy Research
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • Advocacy Coalition Framework
  • Israel
  • Narrative Analysis
  • Policy narratives
  • Water policy

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