PNPT1, MYO15A, PTPRQ, and SLC12A2-associated genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity among hearing impaired assortative mating families in Southern India

Paridhy Vanniya. S, Jayasankaran Chandru, Justin Margret Jeffrey, Tom Rabinowitz, Zippora Brownstein, Mathuravalli Krishnamoorthy, Karen B. Avraham, Le Cheng, Noam Shomron, C. R.Srikumari Srisailapathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study was conducted between 2018 and 2020. From a cohort of 113 hearing impaired (HI), five non-DFNB12 probands identified with heterozygous CDH23 variants were subjected to exome analysis. This resolved the etiology of hearing loss (HL) in four South Indian assortative mating families. Six variants, including three novel ones, were identified in four genes: PNPT1 p.(Ala46Gly) and p.(Asn540Ser), MYO15A p.(Leu1485Pro) and p.(Tyr1891Ter), PTPRQ p.(Gln1336Ter), and SLC12A2 p.(Pro988Ser). Compound heterozygous PNPT1 variants were associated with DFNB70 causing prelingual profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), vestibular dysfunction, and unilateral progressive vision loss in one family. In the second family, MYO15A variants in the myosin motor domain, including a novel variant, causing DFNB3, were found to be associated with prelingual profound SNHL. A novel PTPRQ variant was associated with postlingual progressive sensorineural/mixed HL and vestibular dysfunction in the third family with DFNB84A. In the fourth family, the SLC12A2 novel variant was found to segregate with severe-to-profound HL causing DFNA78, across three generations. Our results suggest a high level of allelic, genotypic, and phenotypic heterogeneity of HL in these families. This study is the first to report the association of PNPT1, PTPRQ, and SLC12A2 variants with HL in the Indian population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of Human Genetics
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • MYO15A
  • PNPT1
  • PTPRQ
  • SLC12A2
  • South Indian hearing impaired
  • assortative mating

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