Platelet-derived growth factor BB mimics serum-induced dispersal of pancreatic epithelial cell clusters

Sahar Hiram-Bab, Liora S. Katz, Hagit Shapira, Judith Sandbank, Marvin C. Gershengorn, Yoram Oron*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We showed previously that proliferating human islet-derived de-differentiated cells (DIDs) exhibit many characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells. Dispersed DIDs can be induced by serum deprivation to undergo mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition and aggregate into epithelial cell clusters (ECCs). Conversely, ECCs can be induced to disperse and undergo epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by re-addition of mammalian sera. In this study, we show that platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) mimics and mediates serum-induced ECCs' dispersal accompanied by accumulation of cytoplasmic β-catenin and a decrease in the levels of insulin and glucagon mRNAs. Moreover, we show that PDGF-BB-induced dispersal of ECCs is a more general phenomenon that occurs also with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and dermal fibroblasts (DFs). In DIDs, BM-MSCs, and DFs, PDGF decreased the levels of DKK1 mRNA, suggesting involvement of the Wnt signaling pathway. PDGF-BB stimulated a significant increase in S473 phosphorylation of Akt and the PI3K specific inhibitor (PIP828) partially inhibited PDGF-BB-induced ECC dispersal. Lastly, the PDGF-receptor (PDGF-R) antagonist JNJ-10198409 inhibited both PDGF-BB-and serum-induced ECC dispersal. Epidermal growth factor (EGF), which shares most of the PDGF signaling pathway, did not induce dispersal and only weakly stimulated Akt phosphorylation. Our data suggest that PDGF-BB mediates serum-induced DIDs dispersal, correlated with the activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway. J. Cell. Physiol. 229: 743-751, 2014.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-751
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume229
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Funding

FundersFunder number
National Institutes of HealthZ01DK011007
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney DiseasesZIADK011006

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