Plasma-turbulence suppression and transport-barrier formation by externally driven radiofrequency waves in spherical tokamaks

K. Komoshvili, S. Cuperman, C. Bruma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Turbulent transport of heat and particles is the principle obstacle confronting controlled fusion today. We investigate quantitatively the suppression of turbulence and formation of transport barriers in spherical tokamaks by sheared electric fields generated by externally driven radiofrequency (RF) waves, in the frequency range ωA ≈ ω < ωci (where ωA and ω ci are the Alfvén and ion cyclotron frequencies). This investigation consists of the solution of the full-wave equation for a spherical tokamak in the presence of externally driven fast waves and the evaluation of the power dissipation by the mode-converted Alfvén waves. This in turn provides a radial flow shear responsible for the suppression of plasma turbulence. Thus a strongly nonlinear equation for the radial sheared electric field is solved, and the turbulent transport suppression rate is evaluated and compared with the ion temperature gradient (ITG) instability increment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-253
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Plasma Physics
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2001

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