Plasma C-reactive protein in nonobese children with obstructive sleep apnea before and after adenotonsillectomy

Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, Oscar Sans Capdevila, Riva Tauman, David Gozal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Objective: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a prevalent condition in children and is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity. Circulating levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a proinflammatory protein, are associated with increased risk for atherosclerosis. Plasma CRP levels in snoring children have yielded conflicting results, such that it remains unclear whether OSA is mechanistically involved in such elevations of CRP. Methods: Consecutive nonobese children with polysomnographically demonstrated obstructive sleep apnea underwent blood draws in the morning after their corresponding sleep studies on 2 occasions, namely at diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea and 10 to 14 weeks after adenotonsillectomy. High-sensitivity CRP serum concentrations were determined within 2 to 3 hours after collection, using a particle-enhanced turbidimetric immunoassay technique. Results: Twenty children with obstructive sleep apnea (mean age 7.3 ± 1.9 years; 55% boys; relative body mass index: 88% ± 12.0%) with a mean apnea-hypopnea index at diagnosis of 15.6 ± 2.9 events per hour of total sleep time and nadir SaO2 of 82.3% ± 2.5% were included. Mean initial CRP levels at obstructive sleep apnea diagnosis were 0.67 ± 0.21 mg/dL and decreased to 0.23 ± 0.07 mg/dL after adenotonsillectomy (p < .05), along with significant decreases in measured apnea-hypopnea index (2.2 ± 0.8 events/h of total sleep time; p < .01) and improved oxygenation (mean nadir SaO2 values: 88.6% ± 1.9%; p < .01). Conclusions: Obstructive sleep apnea is frequently associated with increases in CRP levels that are reversible upon treatment. Thus, obstructive sleep apnea induces a systemic inflammatory response in children, which, if left untreated, may potentially lead to cardiovascular morbidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-304
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • C-reactive protein
  • Children
  • Inflammation
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Sleep-disordered breathing

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