Planning from 'Below' in Israel: Reflections on the public interest

Tovi Fenster*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The purpose of this paper is to analyze the transformations that have taken place in planning discourse in the last two centuries in the West and in Israel. The paper focuses on the importance given to the public interest in what is termed "planning from 'above'" and "planning from 'below'." As argued in the paper, this analysis provides a useful context for a new line of thinking that distinguishes between planning for practical changes and 'planning for strategic changes. This distinction, it is argued, helps to explore a critical perspective of planning from 'below' and the role of public interest in it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-160
Number of pages20
JournalGeography Research Forum
Issue numberSPEC. ISSUE
StatePublished - 2009


  • Bedouin
  • Modernization
  • Planning-from-below
  • Practical changes
  • Public interest
  • Strategic changes


Dive into the research topics of 'Planning from 'Below' in Israel: Reflections on the public interest'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this