Placental vascular lesions differ between male and female fetuses in early-onset preeclampsia

Hadas Miremberg*, Hadas Ganer Herman, Mor Bustan, Eran Weiner, Letizia Schreiber, Jacob Bar, Michal Kovo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: A growing body of evidence accumulate pointing to sex-specific differences in placental adaptation to pregnancy complications. We aimed to study if there is a difference in placental histopathology lesions, between female and male fetuses in pregnancies complicated with preeclampsia. Methods: The medical files of all patients with preeclampsia, were reviewed. Placental lesions were classified to lesions related to maternal or fetal malperfusion lesions (MVM, FVM), vascular and villous changes, and inflammatory lesions. Comparison was performed between the male and the female groups. Results: The study included 441 preeclamptic patients. Women in the male preeclampsia group (n = 225) had higher rate of chronic hypertension (p = 0.05) and diabetes mellitus (p < 0.005), while women in the female preeclampsia group (n = 216) had higher rate of thrombophilia. There were no between groups differences in neonatal outcome or placental histopathology lesions. The early preeclampsia cohort included 91 patients. Placentas from the female early preeclampsia group (n = 44) had more vascular changes related to MVM lesions (decidual arteriopathy), as compared to the male early preeclampsia group (n = 47), 50% vs. 25%, p = 0.01. Conclusions: Higher rate of placental MVM lesions in the female as compared to male group correspond with sex-specific difference of placental pathophysiological adaptation, in early preeclampsia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-722
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume306
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Placental insufficiency
  • Placental pathology
  • Preeclampsia

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