Placental Lesions and Pregnancy Outcome in Anterior as Compared to Posterior Placenta Previa

Daniel Tairy*, Eran Weiner, Letizia Schreiber, Hadas Miremberg, Liat Gindes, Roni Hochman, Jacob Bar, Michal Kovo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The uterine location of placenta previa (PP), anterior vs. posterior has an impact on pregnancy outcome. We aimed to study maternal and neonatal outcome and placental histopathology lesions in anterior vs. posterior PP. The medical records and histopathology reports of all singleton cesarean deliveries (CD) performed due to PP, from 24 to 41 weeks, between 12.2008 and 10.2018, were reviewed. Placental lesions were classified into maternal and fetal vascular malperfusion lesions (MVM, FVM), maternal and fetal inflammatory responses (MIR, FIR). Gestational age (GA) at delivery was similar between the anterior PP (n = 67) and posterior PP (n = 105) groups. As compared to the posterior PP group, the anterior PP group had higher rate of previous CD (p < 0.001), placental accreta spectrum (p = 0.04), lower neonatal Hb at birth (p = 0.03), higher rate of neonatal blood transfusion (p = 0.007) and prolonged maternal hospitalization (p = 0.02). Placentas from the anterior PP group had lower weights (p = 0.035), with increased rate of MVM lesions (p = 0.017). The anterior PP location is associated with increased adverse maternal and neonatal outcome, lower placental weights and increased rate of malperfusion lesions. Abnormal placentation in the scarred uterine wall probably has an impact on placental function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3241-3247
Number of pages7
JournalReproductive Sciences
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Anterior placenta previa
  • Maternal outcome
  • Neonatal outcome
  • Placental histopathology
  • Posterior placenta previa

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Placental Lesions and Pregnancy Outcome in Anterior as Compared to Posterior Placenta Previa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this