Placental immunomodulator ferritin, a novel immunoregulator, suppresses experimental arthritis

Abraham Weinberger, Marisa Halpern, Muayad A. Zahalka, Francisco Quintana, Leonid Traub, Chaya Moroz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective. To determine the effect of treatment with C48, the recombinant cytokine-like domain of the novel human placental immunomodulator ferritin (PLIF) immunoregulator, on zymosan-induced arthritis (ZIA) in mice and on adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) in rats. Methods. The in vitro effect of PLIF/C48 was tested in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLCs) of allogeneic mouse splenocytes. Arthritis was induced by intraarticular injection of zymosan into naive mice and by subcutaneous injection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis into rats. C48 was injected intraperitoneally daily from day 3 to day 9 or from day 7 to day 13 after induction of synovitis by zymosan, and every other day from day 2 to day 14 after induction of AIA. Swelling of the joints and histologic features of the synovium were assessed. Th1 and Th2 cytokines were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results. Both PLIF and C48 significantly inhibited the in vitro immunoreactivity of mouse splenocytes in MLCs. Treatment of ZIA mice and AIA rats with C48 effectively reduced joint swelling. C48 treatment reduced synovial lining thickening, numbers of mononuclear cells and histiocytes, as well as cartilage destruction and bone erosions. In vitro, activated splenocytes from C48-treated ZIA and AIA animals produced significantly higher levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10). In animals with ZIA, this was accompanied by lower levels of tumor necrosis factor and IL-2. Conclusion. Human PLIF and C48 were shown to exert cross-species immunosuppressive activity in vitro. The in vivo suppression of articular inflammation in the experimental models of ZIA and AIA was the result of treatment with the antiinflammatory human C48. These results suggest that treatment with C48 may offer an effective immunotherapeutic means of controlling inflammatory polyarthritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-853
Number of pages8
JournalArthritis and Rheumatism
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2003


Dive into the research topics of 'Placental immunomodulator ferritin, a novel immunoregulator, suppresses experimental arthritis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this