PKC-δ-dependent activation of oxidative stress in adipocytes of obese and insulin-resistant mice: Role for NADPH oxidase

Ilana Talior, Tamar Tennenbaum, Toshio Kuroki, Hagit Eldar-Finkelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Oxidative stress is thought to be one of the causative factors contributing to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Previously, we showed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is significantly increased in adipocytes from high-fat diet-induced obese and insulin-resistant mice (HF). ROS production was also associated with the increased activity of PKC-δ. In the present studies, we hypothesized that PKC-δ contributes to ROS generation and determined their intracellular source. NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI) reduced ROS levels by 50% in HF adipocytes, and inhibitors of NO synthase (L-NAME, 1 mM), xanthine oxidase (allopurinol, 100 μM), AGE formation (aminoguanidine, 10 μM), or the mitochondrial uncoupler (FCCP, 10 μM) had no effect. Rottlerin, a selective PKC-δ inhibitor, suppressed ROS levels by ∼50%. However, neither GÖ-6976 nor LY-333531, effective inhibitors toward conventional PKC or PKC-β, respectively, significantly altered ROS levels in HF adipocytes. Subsequently, adenoviral-mediated expression of wild-type PKC-δ or its dominant negative mutant (DN-PKC-δ) in HF adipocytes resulted in either a twofold increase in ROS levels or their suppression by 20%, respectively. In addition, both ROS levels and PKC-δ activity were sharply reduced by glucose depletion. Taken together, these results suggest that PKC-δ is responsible for elevated intracellular ROS production in HF adipocytes, and this is mediated by high glucose and NADPH oxidase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E405-E411
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume288
Issue number2 51-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005

Keywords

  • Insulin-resistant adipcoytes
  • Protein kinase C-δ

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