Pituitary and hypothalamic insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-I receptor expression in food-deprived rats

David Olchovsky, Jinfen Song, Marie C. Gelato, Jennifer Sherwood, Elizabeth Spatola, John F. Bruno, Michael Berelowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present study was designed to evaluate a possible role for the insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) system in mediating the suppression of growth hormone (GH) secretion observed in food-deprived rats by measuring IGF-I mRNA, receptor concentration and receptor mRNA in neuroendocrine tissues (hypothalamus and pituitary). Rats were deprived of food (food-deprived) for 72 h or had free access to food (fed). Tissues were processed for measurement of steady-state levels of: (a) IGF-I and IGF-I receptor mRNA (by solution hybridization/RNase protection assay); (b) IGF-I in serum and tissue extracts (by RIA) and (c) IGF-I displacable [125I]IGF-I binding to plasma membrane preparations. Food deprivation resulted in decreased serum and liver levels of IGF-I. Kidney IGF-I mRNA levels were reduced 80% in food-deprived rats with a concomitant increase in IGF-I receptor concentration and mRNA levels. Refeeding of food-deprived rats fully normalized these perturbations. Pituitary IGF-I content was reduced 50% in food-deprived rats while IGF-I mRNA levels were unaffected. A modest increase was seen in pituitary IGF-I receptor concentration; however, IGF-I receptor mRNA levels were not changed. Hypothalamic IGF-I mRNA content was reduced in 72 h food-deprived rats while IGF-I receptor binding capacity and mRNA were unaffected. In conclusion, IGF-I mRNA levels are decreased in liver, kidney and hypothalamus together with a reduction in plasma IGF-I in food-deprived rats but is unaffected in anterior pituitary. IGF-I receptor gene expression and binding capacity are coordinately regulated in kidney and hypothalamus, but not in the pituitary. Thus, nutrient signals appear to differentially influence the pituitary compared to peripheral tissues, suggesting that IGF-I may play a unique role in pituitary GH regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume93
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autocrine/paracrine
  • Growth hormone
  • Insulin-like growth factor-I
  • Solution hybridization/nuclease protection assay

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