PI3K/Akt pathway activation attenuates the cytotoxic effect of methyl jasmonate toward sarcoma cells

Uri Elia, Eliezer Flescher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Methyl jasmonate (MJ) acts both in vitro and in vivo against various cancer cell lines. Activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway results in decreased susceptibility to cytotoxic agents in many types of cancer cells. We found a strong inverse correlation between the basal level of phospho-Akt (pAkt) and the sensitivity to MJ among sarcoma cell lines. Nevertheless, levels of pAkt increased in two sarcoma cell lines, MCA-105 and SaOS-2, after MJ treatment. Treatment of both cell lines with PI3K/Akt pathway inhibitors in combination with MJ resulted in a synergistic cytotoxic effect. Moreover, cells transfected with a constitutively active Akt were less susceptible to MJ-induced cytotoxicity in comparison with cells transfected with an inactive form of Akt. Taken together, these data suggest that the increase in pAkt after treatment with MJ played a protective role. Because it has been shown that the antiapoptotic effects of Akt are dependent on glycolysis, we examined the role of glucose metabolism in activation of Akt and the subsequent resistance of the cell lines to MJ. 2-Deoxy-D-glucose, a glycolysis inhibitor, decreased the levels of pAkt and was able to attenuate the MJ-induced elevation in pAkt. Accordingly, the presence of glucose attenuated MJ-induced cytotoxicity. Moreover, treatment with 2-deoxy-D-glucose in combination with MJ resulted in a synergistic cytotoxic effect. In conclusion, the PI3K/Akt pathway plays a critical role in the resistance of MCA-105 and SaOS-2 sarcoma cell lines toward MJ-induced cytotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1303-1313
Number of pages11
JournalNeoplasia
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008

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