Physiological Studies in Deafferented Visual Cortex Cells of Cats Following Transplantation of Fetal Xenografts from the Rat's Cortex

U. Yinon, R. Shemesh, H. Arda, G. Dobin, P. P. Jaros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have studied the physiological properties of cells (N = 822) in visual cortex area 17 of seven adult cats transplanted with visual cortex xenografts from fetal (E15-E17) rats. The transplants were assumed to induce recovery of adjacent neurons partially deafferented from visual input. The control group (eight cats, 564 cells) had just analogous sectioning in the cortex. The level of activity found, following visual stimulation, in the deafferented cortical region (medially to the graft) was 48.6% compared to the result (34.5%) obtained in the control cats, indicating the preservation of visual responsiveness. Furthermore, no disturbance could be found in the ocular dominance distribution or binocularity (64.4%) of the cells in the grafted region compared to those in the control cats, indicating preservation of the columnar organization. The deafferented cells in the grafted cortex thus demonstrated the absence of adverse immunological reaction there due to the presence of the xenogeneic tissue, indicating that the visual cortex is immunologically privileged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-341
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume122
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1993

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