Objectives: To determine ocular outcomes and factors associated with adherence to ophthalmic follow-up in a medically underserved population at a single health centre in Philadelphia. Design: Retrospective chart review. Participants: Patients from a community glaucoma screening program. Methods: Chart review was conducted for participants who received a complete eye examination at the Philadelphia District Health Center 5 between January 1, 2012 and May 31, 2014 within the Philadelphia Glaucoma Detection and Treatment Project. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine factors related to ophthalmic follow-up adherence. Results: A total of 249 participants completed an eye examination (mean age = 57.7 ± 6.9 years). Most were African American (n = 220; 88.4%); female (n = 129; 51.8%). Forty-seven participants (18.9%) received glaucoma-related diagnoses, 20 (8.0%) were prescribed ocular medication, and 26 (10.4%) underwent laser therapy. Ninety (36.1%) attended their recommended follow-up eye examination at the health centre. Glaucoma-related diagnosis (p ≤ 0.001), recommendation of a 4- to 6-week follow-up period (p < 0.001), prescribed eye drops (p < 0.001), or received laser therapy (p = 0.047) were factors most predictive of ophthalmic follow-up adherence. Conclusions: The collaborative effort of eye care providers and health centres offers an important opportunity to detect, treat, and manage glaucoma and other ocular pathology in medically underserved communities. Having a glaucoma-related diagnosis, initiating treatment, and scheduling regular follow-up visits are the most important factors influencing adherence to follow-up eye appointments.