Phase i trial of sorafenib in combination with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin in advanced solid tumors

Einat Shacham-Shmueli, Ravit Geva, Arie Figer*, Sarah Bulocinic, Karen Nalbandyan, Shulim Shpigel, Jacob Atsmon, Erich Brendel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


This dose escalation, uncontrolled phase I study evaluated the tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and antitumor activity of oral sorafenib 100, 200, or 400 mg twice daily (bid, continuous regimen) in combination with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin (5-FU/LCV, intravenous infusion or bolus) in patients with advanced, solid tumors. A total of 47 patients (median age 57 years; colon cancer, 55%; pancreatic cancer, 21%; prior systemic therapy, 96%) received treatment; 24 were included in the PK analyses, and 38 were evaluable for tumor response. Treatment-emergent adverse events were observed in 98% of patients (≥grade 3, 55%); the most frequently reported were fatigue (51%), stomatitis/pharyngitis (47%), and hand-foot skin reaction (45%). Concomitant 5-FU/LCV resulted in no clinically relevant changes in the area under the plasma concentration-time curve in the dosing interval (AUC0-12) and maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) of sorafenib (100-400 mg bid) at steady state. Although the start of infusion until the last quantifiable plasma concentration (AUC0-tn) and Cmax of 5-FU were increased by concomitant sorafenib 100 to 200 mg, no consistent effect was observed with 400 mg sorafenib. Two (5%) patients with colon cancer achieved partial response; 16 (42%) patients (the majority with colon and pancreatic cancer) had stable disease. Sorafenib plus 5-FU/LCV was generally well tolerated with encouraging antitumor activity and no clinically relevant drug-drug interactions in patients with advanced solid tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)656-669
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical Pharmacology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2012


  • Fluorouracil
  • combination
  • drug therapy
  • solid tumors
  • sorafenib


Dive into the research topics of 'Phase i trial of sorafenib in combination with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin in advanced solid tumors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this