Pharmacologically distinct vasoactive intestinal peptide binding sites: CNS localization and role in embryonic growth

J. M. Hill*, S. J. Lee, D. A. Dibbern, M. Fridkin, I. Gozes, D. E. Brenneman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In vitro autoradiography with [125I]vasoactive intestinal peptide revealed that the vasoactive intestinal peptide analogue, stearyl-norleucine17 vasoactive intestinal peptide, reported to be inactive at adenylyl cyclase-linked receptors in astrocytes, displaced a subset of vasoactive intestinal peptide binding sites on rat brain sections. These sites were widespread in adult rat brains and enriched in the olfactory bulb and thalamus, and corresponded to previously demonstrated GTP-insensitive vasoactive intestinal peptide binding sites. Stearyl-norleucine17 vasoactive intestinal peptide also identified receptors in rat lung and liver. In the adult brain, the stearyl-norleucine analog displaced only GTP-insensitive vasoactive intestinal peptide binding sites. In contrast, stearyl-norleucine17 vasoactive intestinal peptide-displaceable sites in the embryonic day 9 mouse appeared to include both GTP-sensitive and GTP-insensitive binding sites. This observation suggested the presence of an embryonic vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor with distinct pharmacological properties. Treatment of whole cultured mouse embryos with stearyl-norleucine17 vasoactive intestinal peptide resulted in stimulation of embryonic growth, with the stearyl-norleucine analog equipotent to vasoactive intestinal peptide, but less efficacious at higher concentrations (10-7M). Embryonic growth was inhibited by pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide and 8-bromoadenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate. In addition, 8-bromoadenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate inhibited stearyl-norleucine17 vasoactive intestinal peptide-stimulated growth.The results of the current study support the hypothesis that vasoactive intestinal peptide regulation of early postimplantation embryonic growth occurs, at least in part, independently of adenylyl cyclase stimulation. Copyright (C) 1999 IBRO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)783-791
Number of pages9
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 1999


FundersFunder number
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentZ01HD000047


    • Activity-dependent neurotrophic factor
    • Embryonic growth
    • Pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide
    • Receptor
    • Vasoactive intestinal peptide


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