Anticodon loop cleavages of two host tRNA species occur in bacteriophage T4-infected Escherichia coli CTr5X, a host strain restricting phage mutants deficient in polynucleotide kinase (pnk) or RNA ligase (rli). The cleavage products accumulate with the mutants but are further processed in wt infection through polynucleotide kinase and RNA ligase reactions. Inactivating mutations in stp suppress pnk- or rli- mutations in E. coli CTr5X and, as shown here, also abolish the anticodon nuclease, implicating the stp product with this activity. We show also that there exist other suppressing mutations of a pnk- (pseT2) mutation that appear not to affect the anticodon nuclease and are not in stp. It has been shown that a single locus in E. coli CTr5X, termed prr, determines the restriction of pnk- or rli- mutants. A transductant carrying prr featured upon infection the anticodon nuclease reaction products, suggesting that prr determines the specific manifestation of this activity. However, prr does not encode the tRNA species that are vulnerable to the anticodon nuclease.