Petromastoid canal and cochlear aqueduct in cochlear implant candidates

Lela Migirov*, Jona Kronenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To present temporal bone fine channels in cochlear implantation candidates. Methods: Review of the axial sections of 108 temporal bone CTs. In type I, the petromastoid canal (PMC) was invisible but appeared as channels in type II and type III, <0.5 and 0.5-1 mm wide, respectively, and in type IV was >1 mm wide. The cochlear aqueduct (CA) was visualized up to the vestibule in type 1, the medial two thirds in type 2, the external aperture and/or the medial third in type 3, and was undetectable in type 4. Results: The PMC size and shape differed significantly between the young (aged <5 years) and older (aged 5-16 years) children and between the young children and adults. A wide PMC (>2 mm) was found in only children younger than 2 years. Children up to 2 years of age and those aged 2 to 5 years demonstrated similar findings. The CA types differed among the pediatric and adult CI candidates, with the main difference appearing after the age of 16 years. There was no correlation between CA and PMC types. Conclusions: It is likely that the age-related changes in CA and PMC are attributable to the developmental or age-related changes in skull base growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-422
Number of pages4
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume140
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

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