Personalization of IVF-ICSI workflow based on patient characteristics improves IVF laboratory outcomes and embryo ploidy by PGT-A

Brandon A. Wyse*, Noga Fuchs Weizman, Janice Montbriand, Rima Kharonsky, Ran Antes, Rina Abramov, Svetlana Madjunkova, Clifford L. Librach

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has become a common method of fertilization in assisted reproduction worldwide. However, there are still gaps in knowledge of the ideal IVF-ICSI workflow including the optimal duration of time between induction of final oocyte maturation, oocyte denudation and ICSI. The aim of this study was to examine outcomes following different workflow protocols in IVF-ICSI procedures in blastocysts that have undergone undisturbed incubation and preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) prior to transfer. Methods: Retrospective secondary analysis of 113 patients (179 IVF cycles, 713 embryos), all of whom have gone through IVF-ICSI and PGT-A using undisturbed culture. Predictive test variables were the length of time from: trigger to OPU, OPU to denudation, and denudation to ICSI. Outcome metrics assessed were: maturation, fertilization, blastulation and euploid rates. Generalized Estimated Equations Linear Model was used to examine the relationship between key elements of a given cycle and continuous outcomes and LOESS curves were used to determine the effect over time. Results: In a paired multi-regression analysis, where each patient served as its own control, delaying OPU in patients with unexplained infertility improved both maturation and blastulation rates (b = 29.7, p < 0.0001 and b = 9.1, p = 0.06, respectively). Longer incubation with cumulus cells (CCs) significantly correlated with improved ploidy rates among patients under 37, as well as among patients with unexplained infertility (r = 0.22 and 0.29, respectively), which was also evident in a multiple regression analysis (b = 6.73, p < 0.05), and in a paired analysis (b = 6.0, p < 0.05). Conversely, among patients with a leading infertility diagnosis of male factor, longer incubation of the denuded oocyte prior to ICSI resulted in a significantly higher euploid rate (b = 15.658, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: In this study we have demonstrated that different IVF-ICSI workflows affect patients differently, depending on their primary infertility diagnosis. Thus, ideally, the IVF-ICSI workflow should be tailored to the individual patient based on the primary infertility diagnosis. This study contributes to our understanding surrounding the impact of IVF laboratory procedures and highlights the importance of not only tracking “classic” IVF outcomes (maturation, fertilization, blastulation rates), but highlights the importance that these procedures have on the ploidy of the embryo.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124
JournalJournal of Ovarian Research
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Funding

FundersFunder number
CReATe Fertility Centre

    Keywords

    • Denudation
    • Fertilization
    • IVF outcome
    • IVF-ICSI
    • OPU
    • Oocyte maturation
    • PGT-A
    • Timing
    • Trigger

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