Personality correlates of career choice in the Kibbutz: A comparison between career and noncareer women

Thalma E. Lobel, Ornit Agami-Rozenblat, Janine Bempechat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study compared Kibbutz career women (who studied beyond high school and worked in their profession) to Kibbutz noncareer women (who did not study beyond high school and worked in various nonprofessional jobs such as the laundry, the kitchen, and child care) on several personality characteristics. All subjects were nonorthodox Jewish women who were born and raised in the Kibbutz. The two groups completed a variety of self-report inventories, including the Bem Sex-Role Orientation Inventory, need for achievement inventory, two self-esteem scales that measured both the global self-esteem and various dimensions of self-esteem (academic, social, physical appearance, physical abilities, and self-regard) and Cattell's Clinical Analysis Questionnaire (CAQ), which is a short version of Cattell's 16 Personality Factors Test. The results showed that Kibbutz career women differed significantly from noncareer women on several personality characteristics. These women attributed to themselves more instrumental characteristics, were found to be more independent and emotionally stable, and had a higher need for achievement and a higher academic and social self-esteem. In addition, the division of household work was more egalitarian in the case of career women. The results are discussed in view of the fact that all of the career women were actually holding traditionally "feminine" positions such as teachers and social workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-370
Number of pages12
JournalSex Roles
Volume29
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1993

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