Personal and organizational factors related to initiative behavior among psychiatric nurses

Tova Hendel, Razya Chor, Ronit Kigli-Shemesh, Ilya Kagan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To identify the degree of personal initiative (PI) among psychiatric nurses and to examine the influence of personal and organizational characteristics on their PI. Design and Methods: Ninety-seven nurses completed a questionnaire on PI, work climate, self-efficacy toward initiatives and innovations, nursing work environment, and actual initiative at work. Findings: Differences in actual initiative at work according to the level of education, and negative association between PI and age were found. Self-efficacy and work climate explained 56% of PI; self-efficacy, work climate, and age explained 30% of initiative behavior. Practice Implications: Investing in young nurses, fostering higher education, and creating supportive work environment can help in conversion of innovative vision into actual initiatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-580
Number of pages7
JournalPerspectives in Psychiatric Care
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • nurses
  • nursing work environment
  • personal initiative
  • self-efficacy
  • work climate


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