Perioperative outcomes of delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute calculous cholecystitis with and without percutaneous cholecystostomy

Ido Mizrahi, Haggi Mazeh*, Jonathan B. Yuval, Gidon Almogy, Miklosh Bala, Natalia Simanovski, Nadeen Abu Ata, Eran Kuchuk, Jacob Rachmuth, Aviram Nissan, Ahmed Eid

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction The role of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) in the management of patients with acute calculous cholecystitis (ACC) remains controversial. The aim of this study is to report operative outcomes in a large cohort of patients undergoing PC before their delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DLC). Methods All patients who underwent DLC because of ACC between 2003 and 2012 were included. Outcomes of patients with and without previous PC were compared. Results Of 639 patients who underwent DLC because of ACC at our institution during a 10-year time interval beginning 2003, 163 (25.5%) patients had PC before their DLC. Patients who underwent PC were older (64 ± 1 years vs 48 ± 0.8 years, P <.001) and had more comorbid conditions (P <.001). Accumulated duration of stay was longer in the PC group (16.2 ± 0.4 days vs 9.7 ± 0.1 days, P <.001). Rate of conversion to open procedure was greater in the PC group (11% vs 4%, P =.001) and operative time was longer (142 ± 4 minutes vs 107 ± 4 minutes, P <.001). Patients in the PC group had a greater rate of biliary-related complications (10% vs 4%, P =.003) and surgical-site infections; both superficial (5% vs 1%, P =.004) and deep (7% vs 3%, P =.04). On multivariable analysis PC was an independent risk factor for conversion to open cholecystectomy (odds ratio 2.67 95% CI 1.18-6.72) as well as to biliary-related complications (odds ratio 4.85 95% CI 1.57-14.92). Conclusion DLC for ACC in patients with previous PC is associated with longer duration of stay, more readmissions, and, most importantly, greater conversion rate, biliary related complications, and surgical-site infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-735
Number of pages8
JournalSurgery
Volume158
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

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